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cry

[krahy] /kraɪ/
verb (used without object), cried, crying.
1.
to utter inarticulate sounds, especially of lamentation, grief, or suffering, usually with tears.
2.
to weep; shed tears, with or without sound.
3.
to call loudly; shout; yell (sometimes followed by out).
4.
to demand resolution or strongly indicate a particular disposition:
The rise in crime cried out for greater police protection.
5.
to give forth vocal sounds or characteristic calls, as animals; yelp; bark.
6.
(of a hound or pack) to bay continuously and excitedly in following a scent.
7.
(of tin) to make a noise, when bent, like the crumpling of paper.
verb (used with object), cried, crying.
8.
to utter or pronounce loudly; call out.
9.
to announce publicly as for sale; advertise:
to cry one's wares.
10.
to beg or plead for; implore:
to cry mercy.
11.
to bring (oneself) to a specified state by weeping:
The infant cried itself to sleep.
noun, plural cries.
12.
the act or sound of crying; any loud utterance or exclamation; a shout, scream, or wail.
13.
clamor; outcry.
14.
a fit of weeping:
to have a good cry.
15.
the utterance or call of an animal.
16.
a political or party slogan.
17.
18.
an oral proclamation or announcement.
19.
a call of wares for sale, services available, etc., as by a street vendor.
20.
public report.
21.
an opinion generally expressed.
22.
an entreaty; appeal.
23.
Fox Hunting.
  1. a pack of hounds.
  2. a continuous baying of a hound or a pack in following a scent.
Verb phrases
24.
cry down, to disparage; belittle:
Those people cry down everyone who differs from them.
25.
cry off, to break a promise, agreement, etc.:
We made arrangements to purchase a house, but the owner cried off at the last minute.
26.
cry up, to praise; extol:
to cry up one's profession.
Idioms
27.
a far cry,
  1. quite some distance; a long way.
  2. only remotely related; very different:
    This treatment is a far cry from that which we received before.
28.
cry havoc. havoc (def 4).
29.
cry one's eyes / heart out, to cry excessively or inconsolably:
The little girl cried her eyes out when her cat died.
30.
cry over spilled / spilt milk. milk (def 10).
31.
in full cry, in hot pursuit:
The pack followed in full cry.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; (v.) Middle English crien < Anglo-French, Old French crier < Vulgar Latin *crītāre for Latin quirītāre to cry out in protest, make a public cry; associated by folk etymology with Quirītēs Quirites; (noun) < Anglo-French, Old French cri, noun derivative of the v.
Related forms
countercry, noun, plural countercries.
Synonyms
1. wail, keen, moan. 2. sob, bawl, whimper. 3. yowl, bawl, clamor, vociferate, exclaim, ejaculate, scream. Cry, shout, bellow, roar refer to kinds of loud articulate or inarticulate sounds. Cry is the general word: to cry out. To shout is to raise the voice loudly in uttering words or other articulate sounds: He shouted to his companions. Bellow refers to the loud, deep cry of a bull, moose, etc., or, somewhat in deprecation, to human utterance that suggests such a sound: The speaker bellowed his answer. Roar refers to a deep, hoarse, rumbling or vibrant cry, often of tumultuous volume: The crowd roared approval.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for cry
  • Faculty openly talked about how certain senior faculty liked to scream and yell and make junior people cry.
  • Bats judge how far away a moth is based on the time delay between making the cry and its audible return.
  • They haven't coalesced into anything you could really call a rallying cry.
  • The goal of a net-neutral impact on the environment will increasingly be the rallying cry of the corporation.
  • But recognizing a language and being able to speak it-or cry it-are two different things.
  • Every great sword-and-sandals flick needs a great rallying cry.
  • They cry before the camera, and they do so unapologetically.
  • Those pictures were far more graphic, but no one got up to cry about them.
  • Every cry they hear, a bottle goes in their mouth to shut them up.
  • The video made me cry to see these magnificent little animals on their way back to the wild, healthy and whole.
British Dictionary definitions for cry

cry

/kraɪ/
verb cries, crying, cried
1.
(intransitive) to utter inarticulate sounds, esp when weeping; sob
2.
(intransitive) to shed tears; weep
3.
(intransitive) usually foll by out. to scream or shout in pain, terror, etc
4.
(transitive) often foll by out. to utter or shout (words of appeal, exclamation, fear, etc)
5.
(intransitive) often foll by out. (of animals, birds, etc) to utter loud characteristic sounds
6.
(transitive) to hawk or sell by public announcement to cry newspapers
7.
to announce (something) publicly or in the streets
8.
(intransitive) foll by for. to clamour or beg
9.
(Scot) to call
10.
cry for the moon, to desire the unattainable
11.
cry one's eyes out, cry one's heart out, to weep bitterly
12.
cry quits, cry mercy, to give up a task, fight, etc
noun (pl) cries
13.
the act or sound of crying; a shout, exclamation, scream, or wail
14.
the characteristic utterance of an animal or bird the cry of gulls
15.
(Scot) a call
16.
(archaic) an oral announcement, esp one made by town criers
17.
a fit of weeping
18.
(hunting) the baying of a pack of hounds hunting their quarry by scent
19.
a pack of hounds
20.
a far cry
  1. a long way
  2. something very different
21.
in full cry, (esp of a pack of hounds) in hot pursuit of a quarry
Word Origin
C13: from Old French crier, from Latin quirītāre to call for help
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cry
v.

early 13c., "beg, implore," from Old French crier, from Vulgar Latin *critare, from Latin quiritare "to wail, shriek" (source of Italian gridare, Old Spanish cridar, Spanish and Portuguese gritar), of uncertain origin; perhaps a variant of quirritare "to squeal like a pig," from *quis, echoic of squealing, despite ancient folk etymology that traces it to "call for the help of the Quirites," the Roman constabulary. The meaning was extended 13c. to weep, which it largely replaced by 16c. Related: Cried; crying.

Most languages, in common with English, use the general word for "cry out, shout, wail" to also mean "weep, shed tears to express pain or grief." Romance and Slavic, however, use words for this whose ultimate meaning is "beat (the breast)," cf. French pleurer, Spanish llorar, both from Latin plorare "cry aloud," but probably originally plodere "beat, clap the hands." Also Italian piangere (cognate with French plaindre "lament, pity") from Latin plangere, originally "beat," but especially of the breast, as a sign of grief. U.S. colloquial for crying out loud is 1924, probably another euphemism for for Christ's sake.

n.

late 13c., from cry (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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