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discourage

[dih-skur-ij, -skuhr-] /dɪˈskɜr ɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-/
verb (used with object), discouraged, discouraging.
1.
to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
2.
to dissuade (usually followed by from).
3.
to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder:
Low prices discourage industry.
4.
to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon:
to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
verb (used without object), discouraged, discouraging.
5.
to become discouraged:
a person who discourages easily.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage
Related forms
discourager, noun
discourageable, adjective
discouragingly, adverb
overdiscourage, verb (used with object), overdiscouraged, overdiscouraging.
prediscourage, verb (used with object), prediscouraged, prediscouraging.
undiscourageable, adjective
undiscouraged, adjective
undiscouraging, adjective
undiscouragingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. daunt, depress, deject, overawe, cow, abash. Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten completely: Her husband's philandering dismayed her. To intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences: to intimidate a witness.
Antonyms
1. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for discouraged
  • It's probably no surprise that today's astronauts are discouraged from drinking on the job.
  • Unfortunately our economic systems are based on continuous growth so this idea will be discouraged until it is too late.
  • Wanting to write about her experiences, she initially set to work on a novel, but was discouraged by the form.
  • Frightened by political repression and discouraged by their homeland's bleak economy, the students are.
  • Workers may be discouraged or their skills may decay.
  • But some still drop out, he says, because they either need to work or become too discouraged.
  • Perhaps the dairy industry has discouraged this type of research.
  • The police are being discouraged from arresting people smoking the drug.
  • Such levies discouraged some people from risking self-employment.
  • It's people who react as you do that end up causing new ways of understanding and relating to life to be discouraged.
British Dictionary definitions for discouraged

discourage

/dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to deprive of the will to persist in something
2.
to inhibit; prevent: this solution discourages rust
3.
to oppose by expressing disapproval
Derived Forms
discouragement, noun
discourager, noun
discouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for discouraged

discourage

v.

mid-15c., discoragen, from Middle French descourager, from Old French descoragier, from des- "away" (see dis-) + corage (see courage). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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