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gelding

[gel-ding] /ˈgɛl dɪŋ/
noun
1.
a castrated male animal, especially a horse.
2.
a eunuch.
Origin of gelding
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Old Norse geldingr. See geld1, -ing3

geld1

[geld] /gɛld/
verb (used with object), gelded or gelt, gelding.
1.
to castrate (an animal, especially a horse).
2.
to take strength, vitality, or power from; weaken or subdue.
Origin
1250-1300; Middle English gelden < Old Norse gelda
Related forms
gelder, noun
ungelded, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for gelding

gelding

/ˈɡɛldɪŋ/
noun
1.
a castrated male horse
Word Origin
C14: from Old Norse geldingr; see geld1, -ing1

geld1

/ɡɛld/
verb (transitive) gelds, gelding, gelded, gelt
1.
to castrate (a horse or other animal)
2.
to deprive of virility or vitality; emasculate; weaken
Derived Forms
gelder, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse gelda, from geldr barren

geld2

/ɡɛld/
noun
1.
a tax on land levied in late Anglo-Saxon and Norman England
Word Origin
Old English gield service, tax; related to Old Norse gjald tribute, Old Frisian jeld, Old High German gelt retribution, income
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for gelding
n.

late 13c. (as a surname), from Old Norse geldingr, from gelda "castrate" (see geld (v.)).

geld

n.

"royal tax in medieval England," Old English gield "payment, tribute," from Proto-Germanic *geldam "payment" (cf. Middle High German gelt "payment, contribution," German geld "money," Old Norse gjald "payment," Gothic gild "tribute, tax"), from PIE root of yield (v.).

v.

"to castrate," c.1300, from Old Norse gelda "castrate" from geldr "barren," from Proto-Germanic *galdu-, from PIE *ghel- "to cut." Related: Gelded. Cf. Old Norse geldr "yielding no milk, dry," Old High German galt "barren," said of a cow.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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