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gerund

[jer-uh nd] /ˈdʒɛr ənd/
noun, Grammar
1.
(in certain languages, as Latin) a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, having in Latin all case forms but the nominative, as Latin dicendī gen., dicendō, dat., abl., etc., “saying.”.
2.
the English -ing form of a verb when functioning as a noun, as writing in Writing is easy.
3.
a form similar to the Latin gerund in meaning or function.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; < Late Latin gerundium, Latin gerundum that which is to be carried on, equivalent to ger(ere) to bear, carry on + -undum, variant of -endum, gerund suffix
Related forms
gerundial
[juh-ruhn-dee-uh l] /dʒəˈrʌn di əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
gerundially, adverb
nongerundial, adjective
Usage note
See me.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gerund
  • But then you have a problem with parallel structure--a gerund and a noun.
  • Our period has also established a new verbal-the gerund.
  • The use of ere with a gerund is particularly to be avoided.
  • And its offensiveness does not depend on whether it is used as an adjective, adverb, verb or gerund.
  • The gerund the gerund is formed similarly to the present active participle.
British Dictionary definitions for gerund

gerund

/ˈdʒɛrənd/
noun
1.
a noun formed from a verb, denoting an action or state. In English, the gerund, like the present participle, is formed in -ing: the living is easy
Derived Forms
gerundial (dʒɪˈrʌndɪəl) adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin gerundium, from Latin gerundum something to be carried on, from gerere to wage
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gerund
n.

1510s, from Late Latin gerundium, from Old Latin gerundum "to be carried out," gerundive of gerere "to bear, carry" (see gest). In Latin, a verbal noun used for all cases of the infinitive but the nominative; applied in English to verbal nouns in -ing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gerund in Culture
gerund [(jer-uhnd)]

A form of a verb that ends in -ing and operates as a noun in a sentence: “Thinking can be painful.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Difficulty index for gerund

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Word Value for gerund

8
11
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