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kind1

[kahynd] /kaɪnd/
adjective, kinder, kindest.
1.
of a good or benevolent nature or disposition, as a person:
a kind and loving person.
2.
having, showing, or proceeding from benevolence:
kind words.
3.
indulgent, considerate, or helpful; humane (often followed by to):
to be kind to animals.
4.
mild; gentle; clement:
kind weather.
5.
British Dialect. loving; affectionate.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English kind(e) natural, well-disposed, Old English gecynde natural, genial1. See kind2
Synonyms
1. mild, benign, benignant, gentle, tender, compassionate. Kind, gracious, kindhearted, kindly imply a sympathetic attitude toward others, and a willingness to do good or give pleasure. Kind implies a deep-seated characteristic shown either habitually or on occasion by considerate behavior: a kind father. Gracious often refers to kindness from a superior or older person to a subordinate, an inferior, a child, etc.: a gracious monarch. Kindhearted implies an emotionally sympathetic nature, sometimes easily imposed upon: a kindhearted old woman. Kindly, a mild word, refers usually to general disposition, appearance, manner, etc.: a kindly face.
Antonyms
1. cruel.

kind2

[kahynd] /kaɪnd/
noun
1.
a class or group of individual objects, people, animals, etc., of the same nature or character, or classified together because they have traits in common; category:
Our dog is the same kind as theirs.
2.
nature or character as determining likeness or difference between things:
These differ in degree rather than in kind.
3.
a person or thing as being of a particular character or class:
He is a strange kind of hero.
4.
a more or less adequate or inadequate example of something; sort:
The vines formed a kind of roof.
5.
Archaic.
  1. the nature, or natural disposition or character.
  2. manner; form.
6.
Obsolete. gender; sex.
Idioms
7.
in kind,
  1. in something of the same kind or in the same way as that received or borne:
    They will be repaid in kind for their rudeness.
  2. in goods, commodities, or services rather than money:
    In colonial times, payment was often made in kind.
8.
kind of, Informal. to some extent; somewhat; rather:
The room was kind of dark.
9.
of a kind, of the same class, nature, character, etc.:
They are two of a kind.
Origin
before 900; Middle English kinde, Old English gecynd nature, race, origin; cognate with Old Norse kyndi, Old High German kikunt, Latin gēns (genitive gentis); see kin
Can be confused
kind, sort, type (see usage note at the current entry; see usage note at type)
Synonyms
1. order, genus, species; race, breed; set.
Usage note
The phrase these (or those) kind of, followed by a plural noun (these kind of flowers; those kind of shoes) is frequently condemned as ungrammatical because it is said to combine a plural demonstrative (these; those) with a singular noun, kind. Historically, kind is an unchanged or unmarked plural noun like deer, folk, sheep, and swine, and the construction these kind of is an old one, occurring in the writings of Shakespeare, Swift, Jane Austen, and, in modern times, Jimmy Carter and Winston Churchill. Kind has also developed the plural kinds, evidently because of the feeling that the old pattern was incorrect. These kind of nevertheless persists in use, especially in less formal speech and writing. In edited, more formal prose, this kind of and these kinds of are more common. Sort of has been influenced by the use of kind as an unchanged plural: these sort of books. This construction too is often considered incorrect and appears mainly in less formal speech and writing.
Kind (or sort) of as an adverbial modifier meaning “somewhat” occurs in informal speech and writing: Sales have been kind (or sort) of slow these last few weeks.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for kind
  • The type of map you make will depend on the kind of information you want to share.
  • Fortune cookies offer advice of a different kind.
  • Alex had the great experience of tickling one of these dolphins and then just kind of looking him straight in the eyes.
  • Many of the residents' families go back generations, and it's the kind of town in which our children grow up together.
  • They will not accept the same kind of pseudo-democracy.
  • Paul is a light- hearted, carefree kind of guy.
  • I'm sick of people with your kind of attitude.
  • He's not the kind of person that you feel very at ease with.
  • Though he never performed the kind of miracle needed to be officially canonised, his power was close to unearthly.
  • It is the interaction between a company's principles and its commercial competence that shapes the kind of business it will be.
British Dictionary definitions for kind

kind1

/kaɪnd/
adjective
1.
having a friendly or generous nature or attitude
2.
helpful to others or to another: a kind deed
3.
considerate or humane
4.
cordial; courteous (esp in the phrase kind regards)
5.
pleasant; agreeable; mild: a kind climate
6.
(informal) beneficial or not harmful: a detergent that is kind to the hands
7.
(archaic) loving
Word Origin
Old English gecynde natural, native; see kind²

kind2

/kaɪnd/
noun
1.
a class or group having characteristics in common; sort; type: two of a kind, what kind of creature?
2.
an instance or example of a class or group, esp a rudimentary one: heating of a kind
3.
essential nature or character: the difference is one of kind rather than degree
4.
(archaic) gender or sex
5.
(archaic) nature; the natural order
6.
in kind
  1. (of payment) in goods or produce rather than in money
  2. with something of the same sort: to return an insult in kind
7.
(informal) kind of
  1. (adverb) somewhat; rather: kind of tired
  2. (sentence substitute) used to express reservation or qualified assent: I figured it out. Kind of
Usage note
The mixture of plural and singular constructions, although often used informally with kind and sort, should be avoided in serious writing: children enjoy those kinds (not those kind) of stories; these sorts (not these sort) of distinctions are becoming blurred
Word Origin
Old English gecynd nature; compare Old English cynkin, Gothic kuni race, Old High German kikunt, Latin gens
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kind
n.

"class, sort, variety," from Old English gecynd "kind, nature, race," related to cynn "family" (see kin), from Proto-Germanic *gakundjaz "family, race" (see kind (adj.)). Ælfric's rendition of "the Book of Genesis" into Old English came out gecyndboc. The prefix disappeared 1150-1250. No exact cognates beyond English, but it corresponds to adjective endings such as Goth -kunds, Old High German -kund. Also in English as a suffix (mankind, etc.). Other earlier, now obsolete, senses in English included "character, quality derived from birth" and "manner or way natural or proper to anyone." Use in phrase a kind of (1590s) led to colloquial extension as adverb (1804) in phrases such as kind of stupid ("a kind of stupid (person)").

adj.

"friendly, deliberately doing good to others," from Old English gecynde "natural, native, innate," originally "with the feeling of relatives for each other," from Proto-Germanic *gakundiz "natural, native," from *kunjam (see kin), with collective prefix *ga- and abstract suffix *-iz. Sense development from "with natural feelings," to "well-disposed" (c.1300), "benign, compassionate" (c.1300).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with kind

kind

In addition to the idiom beginning with
kind
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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