microclimate

[mahy-kruh-klahy-mit]
noun
the climate of a small area, as of confined spaces such as caves or houses (cryptoclimate) of plant communities, wooded areas, etc. (phytoclimate) or of urban communities, which may be different from that in the general region.
Compare macroclimate.


Origin:
1920–25; micro- + climate

microclimatic [mahy-kroh-klahy-mat-ik] , adjective
microclimatically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
microclimate (ˈmaɪkrəʊˌklaɪmɪt)
 
n
1.  the atmospheric conditions affecting an individual or a small group of organisms, esp when they differ from the climate of the rest of the community
2.  the entire environment of an individual or small group of organisms
 
microclimatic
 
adj
 
microcli'matically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

microclimate
1925, from micro- + climate.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
microclimate   (mī'krō-klī'mĭt)  Pronunciation Key 
The climate of a small, specific place within a larger area. An area as small as a yard or park can have several different microclimates depending on how much sunlight, shade, or exposure to the wind there is at a particular spot. Compare macroclimate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

microclimate definition


The long-term weather conditions in a small area on the Earth. Usually, this term refers to such things as the differences in weather between the tops of hills and neighboring valleys, or between different parts of the same piece of land.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Welcome to the world of super-precise microclimate measurement.
After an initial cross, a farmer could simply select the plants that do best in
  his or her microclimate.
Worm castings can't stabilize a forest floor microclimate and retain moisture
  the way a robust leaf-litter bed can.
But success depends much on each area's microclimate.
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