overshot

[adj., n. oh-ver-shot; v. oh-ver-shot]
adjective
1.
driven over the top of, as by water passing over from above.
2.
having the upper jaw projecting beyond the lower, as a dog.
verb
3.
simple past tense and past participle of overshoot.
noun
4.
(in weaving) a pattern formed when filling threads are passed over several warp threads at a time.

Origin:
1525–35; over- + shot1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

overshoot

[v. oh-ver-shoot; n. oh-ver-shoot]
verb (used with object), overshot, overshooting.
1.
to shoot or go over, beyond, or above; miss: The missile overshot its target.
2.
to pass or go by or beyond (a point, limit, etc.): to overshoot a stop sign.
3.
to shoot or pour down over: turbulent water overshooting the top of the dam.
4.
to overreach (oneself or itself); go further than is intended or proper; go too far: It looked as though his self-confidence had overshot itself.
5.
(of an aircraft or pilot) to fly too far along (a landing strip) in attempting to land.
verb (used without object), overshot, overshooting.
6.
to fly or go beyond.
7.
to shoot over or above a mark.
noun
8.
a shooting beyond a specified point or target: two overshoots in the missile test series.
9.
the amount of excessive distance in a trajectory or route: a two-mile overshoot on the artillery range.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English; see over-, shoot

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
overshoot (ˌəʊvəˈʃuːt)
 
vb , -shoots, -shooting, -shot
1.  to shoot or go beyond (a mark or target)
2.  to cause (an aircraft) to fly or taxi too far along (a runway) during landing or taking off, or (of an aircraft) to fly or taxi too far along a runway
3.  (tr) to pass swiftly over or down over, as water over a wheel
 
n
4.  an act or instance of overshooting
5.  the extent of such overshooting
6.  a momentary excessive response of an electrical or mechanical system

overshot (ˈəʊvəˌʃɒt)
 
adj
1.  having or designating an upper jaw that projects beyond the lower jaw, esp when considered as an abnormality
2.  Compare undershot (of a water wheel) driven by a flow of water that passes over the wheel rather than under it

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

overshoot
mid-14c., "to shoot, run, or pass beyond (a point or limit)," over + shoot (v.). In ref. to water-wheels, the adj. overshot "driven by water shot over from above" is attested from 1530s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

overshoot o·ver·shoot (ō'vər-shōōt')
n.
A change from steady state in response to a sudden change in some factor, as in electric potential or polarity when a cell or tissue is stimulated.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
We're animals that vastly overshot our environment's carrying capacity, so
  we're facing an inevitable population reduction.
Probably the main reason for the fall is simply that the pound had previously
  overshot.
Demand has overshot because borrowers have taken up the goods savers have
  earned but chosen to forego for the time being.
On the return trip, the ants on stilts overshot the nest, while those with
  severed legs stopped short.
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