petrify

[pe-truh-fahy]
verb (used with object), petrified, petrifying.
1.
to convert into stone or a stony substance.
2.
to benumb or paralyze with astonishment, horror, or other strong emotion: I was petrified with fear.
3.
to make rigid or inert; harden; deaden: The tragedy in his life petrified his emotions.
verb (used without object), petrified, petrifying.
4.
to become petrified.

Origin:
1585–95; < Middle French petrifier. See petri-, -fy

petrifiable, adjective
petrificant [pi-trif-i-kuhnt] , adjective
petrifier, noun
half-petrified, adjective
semipetrified, adjective
unpetrified, adjective
unpetrifying, adjective


2. immobilize, dumbfound, daze.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
petrify (ˈpɛtrɪˌfaɪ)
 
vb , -fies, -fying, -fied
1.  (tr; often passive) to convert (organic material, esp plant material) into a fossilized form by impregnation with dissolved minerals so that the original appearance is preserved
2.  to make or become dull, unresponsive, insensitive, etc; deaden
3.  (tr; often passive) to stun or daze with horror, fear, etc
 
[C16: from French pétrifier, ultimately from Greek petra stone, rock]
 
'petrifier
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

petrify
1594, from M.Fr. pétrifier "to make or become stone," from L. petra "rock" + -ficare, from facere "to make, do" (see factitious). Metaphoric sense of "paralyze with fear or shock" first recorded 1771.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

petrified definition


  1. mod.
    alcohol intoxicated. (Literally, turned into stone. Another way of saying stoned.) : She's not drunk; she's petrified.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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Example sentences
Petrified wood, from trees that have fossilized to stone, is currently
  intriguing those interested in interior design.
They're wealthy, they're pretty, they've got some petrified laurels.
And there's millions more silent ones, who are too petrified to come out openly
  defiant.
Five additional petrified forests have now been found, scientists said.
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