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Stories We Like: A Guide to the Comma

sum

[suhm] /sʌm/
noun
1.
the aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars as determined by or as if by the mathematical process of addition:
The sum of 6 and 8 is 14.
2.
a particular aggregate or total, especially with reference to money:
The expenses came to an enormous sum.
3.
an indefinite amount or quantity, especially of money:
to lend small sums.
4.
a series of numbers or quantities to be added up.
5.
an arithmetical problem to be solved, or such a problem worked out and having the various steps shown.
6.
the full amount, or the whole.
7.
the substance or gist of a matter, comprehensively or broadly viewed or expressed:
the sum of his opinions.
8.
concise or brief form:
in sum.
9.
Mathematics.
  1. the limit of the sequence of partial sums of a given infinite series.
  2. union (def 10a).
10.
a summary.
verb (used with object), summed, summing.
11.
to combine into an aggregate or total (often followed by up).
12.
to ascertain the sum of, as by addition.
13.
to bring into or contain in a small compass (often followed by up).
verb (used without object), summed, summing.
14.
to amount (usually followed by to or into):
Their expenses summed into the thousands.
Verb phrases
15.
sum up,
  1. to reckon:
    We summed up our assets and liabilities.
  2. to bring into or contain in a brief and comprehensive statement; summarize:
    to sum up the case for the prosecution.
  3. to form a quick estimate of:
    I summed him up in a minute.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (noun) Middle English summe < Latin summa sum, noun use of feminine of summus highest, superlative of superus (see superior); (v.) Middle English summen (< Old French summer) < Medieval Latin summāre, derivative of summa
Related forms
sumless, adjective
sumlessness, noun
outsum, verb (used with object), outsummed, outsumming.
Can be confused
some, sum (see usage note at some)
Synonyms
1. See number.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for summed
  • The entire sustainability question can be summed up with population.
  • The biggest disadvantage of using credit cards while traveling oversees can be summed up in one word: fees.
  • All these issues can be summed up in one big dilemma.
  • Details of the latest state of play are summed up here.
  • Their essence can be summed up in a single word: security.
British Dictionary definitions for summed

sum1

/sʌm/
noun
1.
  1. the result of the addition of numbers, quantities, objects, etc
  2. the cardinality of the union of disjoint sets whose cardinalities are the given numbers
2.
one or more columns or rows of numbers to be added, subtracted, multiplied, or divided
3.
(maths) the limit of a series of sums of the first n terms of a converging infinite series as n tends to infinity
4.
(pl) another name for number work
5.
a quantity, esp of money he borrows enormous sums
6.
the essence or gist of a matter (esp in the phrases in sum, in sum and substance)
7.
a less common word for summary
8.
(archaic) the summit or maximum
9.
(modifier) complete or final (esp in the phrase sum total)
verb sums, summing, summed
10.
(often foll by up) to add or form a total of (something)
11.
(transitive) to calculate the sum of (the terms in a sequence)
See also sum up
Word Origin
C13 summe, from Old French, from Latin summa the top, sum, from summus highest, from superus in a higher position; see super

sum2

/sʊm/
noun (pl) sumy (sʊmɪ)
1.
the standard monetary unit of Uzbekistan, divided into 100 tiyin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for summed
sum
late 13c., "quantity or amount of money," from Anglo-Fr. and O.Fr. summe (13c.), from L. summa "total number, whole, essence, gist," noun use of fem. of summus "highest," from PIE *sup-mos-, from base *uper "over" (see super-). The sense development from "highest" to "total number" is probably via the Roman custom of adding up a stack of figures from the bottom and writing the sum at the top, rather than at the bottom as we do now (cf. the bottom line). Meaning "total number of anything" is recorded from late 14c. Meaning "essence of a writing or speech" also is attested from late 14c. The verb is attested from c.1300; meaning "briefly state the substance of" (now usually with up) is first recorded 1621. Sum-total is attested from c.1395, from M.L. summa totalis.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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summed in Science
sum
  (sŭm)   
The result of adding numbers or quantities. The sum of 6 and 9, for example, is 15, and the sum of 4x and 5x is 9x.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Related Abbreviations for summed

SUM

software users manual
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Word Value for summed

11
14
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